Prophet Muhammad allowed Mutah Marriage/Temporary Marriage with a woman
Mutah was a Pre-Islamic practice done by the Arabs Before Islam. Thus Mutah is not something Islam came up with, it already existed before the coming of Islam.
It is true that in it’s early years, Mutah was allowed by the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). However there later was a verse revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by Allah that prohibited Mutah or temporary marriage:
“Temporary marriage was at the beginning of Islam. A man comes by a town where he has no acquaintances, so he marries for a fixed time depending on his stay in the town, the woman looks after his provisions and prepares his food, until the verse was revealed: ‘Except to your wives or what your right hands possess.'”
A majority of Sunnis believe that Muhammad later abolished this type of marriage at several different large events, the most accepted being at Khaybar in 7 AH (629 CE) Bukhari 059.527 and at the Victory of Mecca in 8 AH (630 CE). The hadith is this:
Some people say hadiths are contradictory, but actually they are not. The case is very simple, the prophet Muhammad forbade the act of muta’ on more than one occasion. For instance, he forbade those who were present at the battle of Khaibar and on another occasion, in front of thousands of the day of the conquest of Makkah.
One might argue back saying that Shias allow for Mutah and say that Ali (one of the disciples of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) allowed it, but this is false. According to Shia sources, Ali didn’t even allow Mutah!
Once Ali argued with a man who believed in Muta’a and told him that the Prophet made muta’a and the meat of donkey haram on the day of Khaiber (Bukhari vol. 7, pg. 287 and vol. 4 pg. 134). This hadith can also be found in shiya hadith books
The shiya themselves have a hadith narrated by Ali which states that the Prophet made muta’a haram on the day of Khaiber (Book of Tahdeeb: vol. 7, pg. 251, rewaya 10).
Imam Abi-Abdullah narrated: Do not do muta’a with a believer woman..because you will humiliate her by doing that.(shiya sources: Tahdeeb: vol. 7, pg. 253, rewaya 14:21; Istibsaar: vol. 3, pg. 143, rewaya 4:93).
These hadiths must be followed since the Quran states:
“O ye who believe! Obey God, and obey the Apostle, and those charged with authority among you. If ye differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to God and His Apostle, if ye do believe in God and the Last Day: That is best, and most suitable for final determination. (The Noble Quran, 4:59)”
“When there comes to them some matter touching (Public) safety or fear, they divulge it. If they had only referred it to the Apostle, or to those charged with authority among them, the proper investigators would have Tested it from them (direct). Were it not for the Grace and Mercy of God unto you, all but a few of you would have fallen into the clutches of Satan. (The Noble Quran, 4:83)”
Umar Ibn Khattab also used to forbid people from doing Mutah as the following narrations say:
“al-Bukhari declared that Umar used to forbid people on Mut’a.” (Tafsir Ibn Kathir, v1, p233)
Ibn Hazm said, “temporary marriage is not permitted; this is a fixed marriage which was permitted at the time of the Messenger (s.a.w.), then Allah superseded it through His Messenger (s.a.w.) until the day of resurrection.”
For more on how Mutah is not allowed in Islam please see the following links:
So there is no such thing as “Mutah” in Islam.
Taken from: http://islamicapologetics1.blogspot.co.uk/2012/03/refuting-criticisms-and-polemics-about.html